Использование окончания -ING в сложных предложениях:

1. чтобы показать, что два действия происходили в одно и то же время, или что одно действие случилось сразу после другого

The escalators became central to the composition of the building, falling and rising diagonally.

2. чтобы показать причину, результат или основание действия. В таких сложных предложениях можно использовать с глаголами состояния, которые обычно не используются в длительном времени

Believing that everyday objects should be useful or beautiful, I made the home a work of art.

3. в придаточных предложениях времени или контраста. Такие придаточные предложения начинаются с союза

Although working on a tight budget wasn't easy, I enjoyed redecorating my house.

Часто употребимые выражения с + -ING

be a master/genius at:

Mia is a genius at renovating houses.

be blame for:

Eve was to blame for ruining my picture.

for fear of/for the sake of:

for the sake of preserving old buildings

for/with the purpose of:

for the purpose of adapting the building for a new tenant.

in addition to

in spite of/despite

instead of:

Instead of employing tradesmen, I did the work myself.

be worth

be no good/use

the best way/the idea of (doing sth)

there's no hope of

there's no point in

there's no prospect of


with a view to

with the purpose of


Would you mind?

I don't mind...

Прилагательное + местоимение + -ING

accused of:

The developers were accused of wrecking a historical building.

accustomed to:

Wealthy developers are accustomed to getting their own way.

based on:

Approval of the plans was based on the facade remaining intact.

better at:

Architects are no better at predicting the future than the rest of us.

better of

capable of

committed to

excited/enthusiastic about

guilty of

justified in

keen on

opposed to

prone to

responsible for

sorry for

tired of

worried about

Глагольные фразы + -ING

be charged with (= made responsible for something)

be feted/honoured for:

Architects are often feted/honoured for designing buildings whose form follows function.

be fined for

be no likelihood of

be/get landed/stuck with

can't help

can't stand

consider the possibility of

feel like

hate the thought of

have a reason for

have an /no excuse for

have difficulty in

have no intention of

have no objection to

have no regrets about

have no/little chance of

have/take rensponsibility for

keep (sb) waiting

take advantage of

come/result from

plan on

Глагол + местоимение + -ING

Some verbs are followed by a preposition and then the -ING from of the verb.

believe in:

I believe in making things by hand.

benefit from

come/result from

compliment sb on:

They complimented the architects on their innovative design.

depend on:

My renovation depended on finding cheap furniture.

dream of/about:

I dreamed of/about restoring her own house.

plan on

pride yourself on:

I prided herself on keeping to a budget.

specialise in:

I specialise in creating patterns from nature.

succeed in:

I succeeded in changing the relationship between my siblings.

Фразовые глаголы + -ING

burst out:

Mary burst out crying when she saw the damage.

cut back/down on

cut out (for)

end up

feel up to

get over

give up:

Mia decided to give up painting.

go into (time/money/effort/hard work):

A great deal of time, money and hard work went into decorating the house.

keep on:

I will keep on renovating houses.

look after

be responsible for

look into:

The committee looked into extending the airport.

make up for (compensate)

put off (delay)

set about:

I set about finding cheap things on eBay.

take to

take up:

I decided to take up renovating houses as a full-time job.