English Phrasal Verbs with the Preposition OUT
Phrasal Verbs consist of a verb plus a particle:
verb + adverb or verb + preposition or verb + adverb + preposition.
The meaning of this combination is mostly very different from the verb and the adverb or preposition alone.
There are no rules that might explain how phrasal verbs are formed correctly - all you can do is look them up in a dictionary and study their meanings.
In fact many phrasal verbs are metaphorical, and if you understand the metaphors they use, it will be easier to understand and remember their meanings.
Phrasal verbs are mainly used in spoken English and informal texts.
Many phrasal verbs are transitive, meaning that they take an object. Other phrasal verbs can stand alone (intransitive verbs).
Some phrasal verbs are separable (the verb and the preposition can be separated, putting the object in the middle), while others are inseparable (the object must come at the end because the verb and the preposition must stay together).
Correct: Put on your coat.
Correct: Put your coat on.
Correct: Get on a bus.
Incorrect: Get a bus on.
Phrasal verbs with OUT, their meanings and examples
Preposition OUT is opposite of IN and used to show movement away from the inside of a place or container.
WHEN SOMEONE LEAVES A PLACE:
Be out - Be absent from a place. Your brother was out when I came by to see him.
Book out - Leave a place. I'm in a hurry, so I have to book out right now.
Drive out - Force someone/something to leave a place. Government forces have driven the rebels out of the eastern district.
Get out - Leave/escape from somewhere/socialise away from home. We don’t get out much, as we have a young baby.
Get out of - Leave a car, van, etc./ to avoid doing something that you do not want to do. If I can get out of going to the meeting tonight I will.
Go out - Leave a place/ socialise away from home/Go on strike. Are you going out tonight?
Head out - Go out. We're heading out at seven, so don't be late.
Let out - Allow to leave or go out. Would you let the dog out, please?
Log out - Exit a computer system. Don't log out of your account yet—I want to check something.
Move out - Leave a place you live or work in. He moved out when he was only 18.
Nip out - Go somewhere quickly. She'll be back in a minute - she's just nipped out to the shops.
Pile out –Multiple people leaving a place quickly, in a disorganised way. People began piling out of the house.
Pop out - Go out for a short time. He popped out for a quick coffee break.
Pull out - Start moving (train)/Move into traffic/Withdraw. The train pulls out at noon.
Push out - Force someone to leave. I felt I was being pushed out of the job.
Ship out - Send goods to a place/Leave a place. The troops shipped out for the war zone.
Slip out - Leave discreetly. The party was really dull so we slipped out and went to the pub instead.
Spill out - When large numbers of people leave a place at the same time/Express or display emotions openly. People were spilling out of the wine bar onto the street.
Start out - Begin a journey or career. My dad started out as a sales assistant in a shop.
Stay out - to go home late or not go home at night. My mum won’t let me stay out late.
Steal out - Leave in a stealthy or quiet manner. Not wanting to attract attention, she stole out early.
Step out - Leave a place for a very short time. I’m sorry, Karen’s just stepped out for a minute.
Storm out - Leave a place angrily. She got mad and stormed out.
Walk out - Leave work because of a dispute with the management/Leave a place angrily or because you are not satisfied/to end your relationship with your husband, wife, or partner. He walked out on his wife and two kids.
Want out - Want to leave a relationship or arrangement. One of the partners wants out of the business.
OUTSIDE (NOT INSIDE)
Ask out - To invite someone for a date. He asked her out to dinner, but she had other plans.
Cast out - Expel, reject. When I questioned their methods, they cast me out of the group.
Count out – Exclude. Please count me out for the party next Saturday. I have other plans.
Cut out - Exclude/ Cut a picture or similar from a magazine, etc. Non-members have been cut out of the circulation list.
Dine out - Have dinner outside your home. We rarely dine out these days.
Eat out - Eat in a restaurant. Let’s eat out tonight.
Freeze out - Shut out or exclude by unfriendly treatment. I felt I was being frozen out of/from the discussions.
Keep out - Not allow someone to enter. The sign said ‘Danger – Keep out’.
Kick out – Expel. His wife kicked him out of the house.
Mark out - Draw lines to enclose an area. He'd marked out a volleyball court on the beach with a stick.
Show out - Take someone to the exit of a room or building. If you'd like to come this way, I'll show you out.
Shut out – Exclude. Shut the dog out for awhile.
If information is out, it becomes PUBLICLY KNOWN
Act out - Express an emotion in your behaviour. He acted out of self defence.
Come out - A secret is revealed or an item is published. When does their new album come out?
Give out - Make public. Details of the accident were given out on the nine o’clock news.
Leak out – become public knowledge – either intentionally or by accident. When the story leaked out, my telephone would not stop ringing.
Give out – Distribute. He gave out copies of the report.
Hand out – Distribute. The teacher handed out worksheets to the class.
Used for saying that A SOUND OR VOICE IS LOUD AND CLEAR
Bawl out - Scold, shout at someone/ to speak angrily to someone because of something they have done wrong. My boss bawled me out for coming to work late.
Blare out - A loud sound or music. Music blared out from the neighbour’s party.
Cry out - Shout because you are in pain or shock. It’s enough to make most people cry out in horror.
Let out - Make a sound. The children let out shouts of delight when they saw the cake.
Read out - Read aloud rather than silently. He read the list of names out.
END OR FINISH:
Block out - Stop light from entering or leaving/Try not think about or feel something because it is upsetting or painful. The tree outside the window blocks out the sun.
Close out - Bring something to an end. They closed out 2015 by winning three of their final five games.
Die out - Become extinct or disappear. The tribe’s traditional way of life is dying out.
Drop out - Quit a course. He dropped out of school at 14.
Dry out - Stop drinking or taking drugs when addicted/Dry something fully. Water the ground regularly to stop it from drying out.
Give out - Stop working, through age or overuse. At the end of the race his legs gave out and he collapsed on the ground.
Go out - Stop burning, be extinguish. I’m sorry – I let the fire go out.
Sign out - Close a computer program that requires a name and password. Please sign out at reception when you leave the office.
Time out - End or close something because of a time limit. The server connection times out after 15 minutes.
WITH NONE OF SOMETHING LEFT:
Run out of - Have none left. We're about to run out of coffee and sugar.
Sell out - Have no more of something left because it has been bought. They’d sold out of bread when I got there.
Back out - Fail to keep an arrangement or promise. You agreed to come. You can't back out now!
Used for saying that someone is UNCONSCIOUS or IS MADE UNCONSCIOUS:
Black out - Fall unconscious. He had blacked just before his car hit the tree.
Knock out - Hit and make somebody unconscious/Sell, distribute. He hit me and nearly knocked me out.
Pass out - Faint, lose consciousness. I don’t remember any more because I passed out by then.
Break out - Start (war, conflict). War broke out in 1914.
Bring out - Release or publish. She is bringing out an eagerly awaited solo album next month.
Carry out - Perform a task. The hospital is carrying out tests to find out what’s wrong with her.
Cross out - Put as line through some writing to show it is wrong. Just cross out the old address.
Empty out - Empty something completely. Where can I empty this box of rubbish?
Filter out - Remove something unwanted. Reed beds filter out much of the pollution.
Fish out - Remove something from a bag, pocket, etc. She reached into her bag and fished out a pen.
Iron out - Remove small problems or irregularities. They’re meeting in Berlin to iron out the final details of the contract.
Leave out - Not include. She feels left out because the other children don’t play with her.
Miss out - Not do something enjoyable or rewarding/Not include. An important fact had been missed out.
Opt out - Choose not to be part of something. Since the opt-out, the academy has been responsible for its own budgeting
Root out - Look for and find/Find the source of a problem. I've rooted out an old pair of shoes that might fit you.
Throw out - Get rid of /Reject/Expel. The crew threw out the rubbish.
Weed out - Remove, get rid of. The first round of interviews only really serves to weed out the very weakest of applicants.
Whip out - Remove quickly. The new assembly line can whip out 30 cases an hour.
Burn out - Lose enthusiasm and energy to continue. Tom burned himself out in that boring job.
Chill out – Relax. The students could chill out for a week after their exams had finished.
Dig out - Find something you haven't used, seen, etc, for a long time. Mum dug out some old family pictures to show me. Possibly move
Figure out - Find the answer to a problem. Can you figure out this puzzle?
Grow out of - Grow too large for clothes/Lose interest as you grow older or become more mature. He grew out of his suit.
Hammer out - Negotiate and reach an agreement. The two parties finally hammer out the contract over the weekend.
Hang out - Spend time socially. Is this where you guys hang out all the time?
Hear out - Listen to everything someone has to say. I’m serious about this; hear me out, please.
Let out - Make clothes bigger. I’m going to have this skirt let out.
Lock out - Lock a place to stop someone getting in. She locked him out of the house after an argument.
Look out - Be careful. Look out – there’s a car coming!
Muscle out - Use power, contacts, etc, to force someone out. Are you trying to muscle me out of my job?
Nose out - Find out, discover- usually information, secrets, etc. He soon nosed out the details of the accident by talking to people and making some phone calls.
Pig out - Eat a lot. We pigged out on all the delicious cakes and pastries.
Print out - Make a hard copy of a computer document. Could you print out a copy of that letter for me?
Put out - Broadcast/Extinguish a cigarette, fire, etc. The principal told them to put the cigarettes out.
Rub out - Delete ink or pencil with an eraser. If you make a mistake rub it out and rewrite the answer.
Sniff out - Find something by smell (usually for dogs)/Find out information, especially when people don't want anyone to know. The dog sniffed the intruder out and the police captured him.
Spit out - discharge something from the mouth / Say something angrily. He spat out an insult and marched out of the room.
Talk out - Discuss a problem. I talked out the problem with a therapist.
Veg out - Relax, do nothing. I think I'll just veg out this weekend.
Watch out - Be careful (imperative). Watch out – you’re going to hit that car!
Wear out - Use something until it stops working. The rear tyres had worn out.
Work out - End nicely/Find the answer or solution. Things always work out well.
Write out - Write something completely. It only takes a minute to write out a prescription.